Detectors, Environmental, Chemical Agent, Blister
Definition : Chemical agent environmental detectors designed for automated detection and identification of compounds that exert their biological effects by producing blisters (i.e., vesicants) such as impure or distilled mustard (H and HD, respectively), phosgene oxime (CX), and lewisite (L). The effects of these agents may be produced while in vapor (if inhaled) or in liquid state ( if absorbed transcutaneously). These detectors may use one or several different technologies, including surface acoustic waves, induced fluorescence, chromatography, and spectroscopy. The sample can be taken from the atmosphere, but water and/or particle samples are sometimes used. Most detectors warn of a hazardous condition when predetermined values of the blister agent have been reached or exceeded. Blister agent environmental detectors are available as portable, handheld, or stand-alone units and less frequently as mobile devices. They are used by healthcare workers, rescuers, firefighters, and military personnel in accidentally and/or intentionally contaminated or potentially contaminated areas.
Entry Terms : "Lewisite (L) Detectors" , "Phosgene Oxime (CX) Detectors" , "Mustard Agent Detectors" , "Vesicant Agent Detectors" , "Blister Agent Detectors"
UMDC code : 20497