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Sutures, Synthetic

Definition : Sutures made of synthetic polymer fiber threads. These sutures may be made of absorbable (i.e., biodegradable) or nonabsorbable (i.e., non biodegradable) materials; typically, absorbable sutures are made of polyglycolic acid and derivatives, lactic acid, or caprolactone, while nonabsorbable sutures are made of more common polymers (e.g., polypropylene, polyester, nylon). The type of synthetic suture used depends on the size and location of the wound, the strength and period of use required, cosmetic effect desired, and/or other clinical or physical needs. Synthetic sutures usually have a smooth surface but some sutures are made of barbed threads. Barbed thread sutures are mainly used to suture without using knots (also known as knotless sutures); they can also be used for cosmetic procedures (e.g., face-lifting, cosmetic breast lifting). Synthetic sutures are typically available in sterile sections (e.g., 18, 30 inches/45, 76 cm long) attached to a single-use needle as an integral device; they are frequently colored for easy identification during surgery.

Entry Terms : "Synthetic Sutures" , "Sutures, Iodized" , "Cog Suture Threads" , "Knotless Sutures"

UMDC code : 22891

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